Monsoon in India

The monsoon in India depends on two seasonal winds; the Southwest Monsoon known as Summer Monsoon and Northeast monsoon popularly known as Winter Monsoon. The Summer Monsoon starts from June and is through till Mid-October; the Winter Monsoon is from October to December. The south-west monsoon brings most of the rainfall during the year in the country.

"Kanchipuram monsoon"
Kanchipuram in South India during the monsoon. Source: mckaysavage's photostream

Mawsynram and Cherrapunji; wettest place on the earth

India is one such country in the world which is blessed with adequate rainfall. The amount of rainfall is different in different parts of the country. The place that receives the highest rainfall not only in the country but in the world is in the north-Eastern part of India, Mawsynram. It is a village in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya. It receives an annual rainfall of 11,872 millimetres. The second wettest land in the world is Cherrapunji which is almost in the same region close to Mawsynram. Travel to this region should definitely be avoided during monsoon time.

Cherrapunji
Cherrapunji - one of wettest place in the world

Although people from across the world travel to India throughout the year, the months from October to March is the season where the country experiences the maximum tourists visit. Normally the months of summer are too hot and the months of winter are pleasant except for the places in plains. However there are places in India which would be best visited during monsoon season like Goa, Ladhak and Leh, Parts of places in South India like Mysore, etc.

Some major cities like, Delhi, Bangalore and Hyderabad receive comparatively less rain during summer monsoon. The states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala get most of its rainfall from the winter monsoon, from October to December.

What to expect during monsoon in India?

India is a developing country and the actual India is not what it looks like in metros. Most of the places in India are under developed and lacks good infrastructure. Some of the things that can be mentioned are bad roads, pedestrian paths (footpaths), bad quality of restaurants or shelters in remote places and villages, good commutation facilities.

The unmade mud packed roads sometimes get so much worse that it becomes impossible to drive your way through it. Some of the tourists’ places lack even the basic essentials like toilets or motels. Since you cannot expect to stop your vehicle at the doorstep of your destination, getting drenched and falling sick with cold and fever becomes part of your travel. The situation becomes even worse if you are planning to take public transport since most of the tourist places are remotely situated and the transport facilities are not all that great.

"Monsoon in India"
Monsoon in India

Maintaining hygiene becomes much more difficult in the rainy season. The food you opt to eat on streets or open restaurants can get easily contaminated with water splashes or the flies population that increases during monsoon season due to stagnant water pits serving as open homes for the growth of infectious insects and flies. This is also one of the reasons for the growth of mosquitoes thereby increasing the chances of diseases like dengue, malaria, typhoid, cholera among other diseases.

With the heavens pouring in on some of the major cities, drainage becomes a problem causing flooding in the cities and bringing the routine life to halt. The traffic gets still and the routes get blocked forcing to take diversions, especially Mumbai is infamous for heavy rains and flooded roads. If you need to catch a flight or take a bus then it is good idea to plan and start a head of time.

If you plan to visit India and travel in the monsoon season then there are several things that need to be worked on before you hit the roads.

• Make your research on the places you plan to visit in India. Your research must be water oriented- how much rains to expect in the place, when to expect it, what is the place like, the facilities and infrastructures of the place, is the place travellers friendly, about the local people, where are you going to stay, what special things to be packed for that place, etc.

• If you have already not planned for any places then it would be a good idea to choose the places that receive less or no rainfall to avoid adventure while you travel!

• Do not be overwhelmed with the unpredictable rains that hit the place without warnings and also the amount of rainfall. Just be prepared with your monsoon gear and you are done with fun without worries.

• You need to be extremely cautious with drinking water in India especially when you visit the country in monsoon season.

• Be prepared with ‘plan b’ in case of delayed or cancelled trains or planes or other public transports especially during monsoons (which are possible in India even otherwise).

"India southwest summer monsoon"
India southwest summer monsoon onset map. Source: Wikimedia Commons

You can experience some day-to-day problems that can become horrifying if you are not all that used to such circumstances. Keeping clothes dry becomes difficult which soon starts smelling damp. Power cuts and failures happen almost every day and can last for hours.

The good news is that visiting India in monsoon is still possible. You are sure to see the other side of colourful India during monsoon and also avail the low air fares and costs of stay during this season.

Travel tips for India

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Shalu Sharma

Shalu Sharma is a blogger and a writer from Bihar, India. She is the founder of YouBihar, the Bihar social networking site and writer on tourism in India. Apart from blogging, she is also a mother who does cooking and washing. She also watches movies and read other blogs. You can follow her on .

32 thoughts on “Monsoon in India

  • August 15, 2012 at 7:24 pm
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    Wow it sounds like monsoons are a real problem for the country. If I could not drink water that would be an issue, but I would plan to bring me some bottle water.

    That sounds like a lot of water, we are dealing with a drought in the Arkansas part of U.S. (South Eastern)

    Thanks for letting us know.

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  • August 15, 2012 at 7:58 pm
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    Michael, the Indian monsoon is a must for India as it brings in lot of rain for the farmers. Plus during the summer, rain comes as a welcome change.
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  • August 15, 2012 at 8:33 pm
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    I would love to visit India sometime! Thanks for the useful weather info. Idaho, the state where I live in the U.S. gets about 12 inches of rain per year, quite different I’d say.
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    • August 15, 2012 at 8:43 pm
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      Hi Kyle, you are welcome and thanks for your comment. Please do visit India at least once. 12 inches of rain in Idaho is not that much at all.
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  • August 15, 2012 at 9:27 pm
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    Shalu I like how you give us the facts and let us decide if it is for us. The rain can be great for the crops, that is why American farmers are worried this year.

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  • August 16, 2012 at 6:41 am
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    Giving the honest and real picture of the situation helps travellers a lot in deciding and coping with circumstances. Thats what has been written in this post and its really a good one Shalu.
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  • August 16, 2012 at 9:48 am
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    Hi Shalu,
    Monsoon has a great impact on the country in both positive as well as negative ways. The charm of the various towns and cities is extremely luring during the days of monsoon, at the same time travelers do experience a little trouble because of the heavy rain. All what is required is a good planning and adequate amount of time margins during travels. Thanks for throwing light on the monsoon in the country.

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  • August 16, 2012 at 6:12 pm
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    Hey Shalu,

    This is really a great information on moonsson season. As I don’t have much knowledge regarding this, so I can’t say much thing about it. But the article really got me some knowledge on it.
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  • August 17, 2012 at 2:23 pm
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    Monsoons are really a roller coaster ride in India and you really never know what to expect and where. nice article that explains the general scenario prevalant across India.

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  • August 18, 2012 at 8:57 am
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    At present I am in Bangalore and do not even know whether the monsoon has been here or not. But back in Byndoor, it always seemed that the rains would never stop. There was times when we did not have glimpse of sun for more than a week. The wonderful part of the season was, it left everything looking so fresh and clean. I also enjoyed the small streams and waterfalls while travelling around.
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  • August 19, 2012 at 9:16 pm
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    I’ve spent a good amount of time in India, Rajasthan in particular. With the heat there, and with it being dry most of the time, I really loved it when the monsoon rains came and cooled everything down. We had a penthouse apartment there, and it was so hot, but so very nice when it was raining.
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  • August 22, 2012 at 5:56 am
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    Aaahhh Shalu Ji…your blog is becoming a well researched GK guide. I would say that all those cadidate who are preparing for IS/IAS/PCS should follow your blog to get detail knowledge about current and ancient India.
    Really great article Shalu Ji.
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  • August 23, 2012 at 9:26 am
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    Glad to know how the monsoon is like in India. I have some friends I know who will visit India in the next couple of months, so I’d refer them to your post here so they have a heads up on what the weather is like when they visit there. Thanks for sharing, Shalu!

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  • August 25, 2012 at 6:54 am
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    I just love the way you highlight our culture through this blog of yours..Good to have someone who loves writing about the country and its beauty :) Going to be an ardent follower henceforth…

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  • August 27, 2012 at 7:21 am
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    Aaahhh Shalu Ji…your blog is becoming a well researched GK guide. I would say that all those cadidate who are preparing for IS/IAS/PCS should follow your blog to get detail knowledge about current and ancient India.

    Reply
  • August 28, 2012 at 8:24 am
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    Very Nice detail, this article is a real picture of moonsoon at india. India becomes cooler during the monsoons.

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  • September 11, 2012 at 12:43 pm
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    Can I plan my trip to Uttrakhand ? or its still flood situation there,,

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  • March 12, 2013 at 4:37 am
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    Monsoon is best summer & winter. People face lot of problem in summer & winter but Monsoon is best. People really enjoy Monsoon more than summer & winter.

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  • July 14, 2013 at 10:00 am
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    Monsoon is a season when romance comes in action as well as diseases also spreads. We must take care with some simple tips so that we can stay healthy. Shalu your blog is awesome. Thanks for it.
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  • May 7, 2014 at 6:44 pm
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    I like monsoon but yes it comes with lot of cares and precautions specially if its concerned with drinking water what you mentioned.
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  • October 12, 2014 at 1:55 pm
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    north region is must visit during monsoon in india, although the monsoon in india is enjoyed around the country

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  • November 8, 2014 at 7:10 am
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    shalu please give me the definition of arrival of monsoon in india . please….please….

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  • July 6, 2015 at 5:28 pm
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    monsoon in India is really enjoyable and very nice.rainy season is very great in India.

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  • August 12, 2015 at 3:15 am
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    Great info o monnsoons.. it helped me in various competitive examinations

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  • January 18, 2016 at 4:36 am
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    It is a greatest feeling for people in india. As an agricultural based country the mansoon season can make huge effects in indian economy

    Reply

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